The Internet of Things (IoT) technologies like data analytics, cloud computing, augmented intelligence and blockchain have a great impact on water sector.
The IoT technology is beneficial in smart irrigation: it can be used for getting the right amount of water at the right destination for the right duration. It is basically a data-driven shift which is made possible by the wireless communication enabled by the Internet of Things technology.
The use of predictive analytics can be useful to to determine the amount of water that any particular city is going to utilize during the next day. When we have knowledge about the amount of water that is required for overall consumption in a city on any given day, it becomes easy for the water authorities to maintain the level of water in a water reservoir/tank and then pump the water into overhead tanks as required throughout the day. Another advantage of Internet of Things in water management is the reduction in energy pricing and consumption. Keeping in mind the goal of meeting the water requirements in a city, predictive analytics can be used to calculate the price of energy during different hours in a day. This information can then be used for scheduling the pumps throughout a day in such a way that there is no loss of unnecessary energy or resources.
The Internet of Things technologies have also the power to help water and wastewater utilities address many of the challenges they face, including extending the life of aging assets, reducing leakages, attacks or other abnormalities in the distribution network, improving water quality monitoring.