Ten options can be considered by decision-makers in the public and private sector to address wastewater prevention, generation, monitoring and reuse:
1- Prevent pollution rather than treating symptoms of pollution. Prioritizing water pollution control and addressing the causes of water pollution by identifying hazardous substances that need to be prohibited or strictly regulated and providing instruction and guidance to users.
2- Actions to avoid potential environmental damage by hazardous substances should not be postponed on the grounds that there is no conclusive scientific evidence.
3 – Apply the polluter pays principle, where the costs of pollution prevention, control and reduction measures are borne by the polluter.
4 – Apply realistic standards and regulations.
5 – Balance economic and regulatory instruments.
6 – Apply water pollution control at the lowest appropriate level. The appropriate level may be defined as the level at which the most significant impacts are experienced.
7 – Ensure the coordination of water pollution control efforts:means of cooperation and information exchange need to be established.
8 – Encourage a participatory approach involving all relevant stakeholders. The participatory approach involves raising awareness of the importance of water pollution control among policy-makers and the general public.
9 – Provide open access to information on water pollution.
10 – Promote international cooperation on water pollution control.