India is one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, but its industrial growth has been limited by inadequate energy availability, especially electricity transmission, distribution losses, and a mismatch of supply and demand in electricity. The Indian Ministry of Power is advocating for investment to improve the efficiency and reliability of the power system for sustainable growth. Initial steps towards Smart Metering in India have been encouraging, with the market for electricity meters both for static and electromagnetic witnessing a rapid expansion of 32% between 2008–2009 and 2010–2011. Under the India Smart Grid Task Force (ISGTF), a Smart Meter Task Group was formed to discuss the development of cost-effective metering solutions that can be applied within the Indian context. Some remarkable Smart Metering pilots are the “Puducherry Smart Grid Project,” with more than 1400 SMs equipped with different technologies; the “Bangalore Pilot Project,” which will reach 2000 residential and commercial customers; and the deployment started in 2008 in New Delhi, where SMs include automated meter reading and a prepaid system utilizing PLC technology. India will install 130 million SMs equipped with both PLC and wireless technologies by 2021.